Lexington County Farm-City

to strengthen the understanding of farm-city connections that provide food, fiber, and shelter.

Cattle and Beef Facts

SC Cattle and Calf Industry

2012 - 6th in the state - $177 million

Livestock and livestock products – $1.5 million
Crops - $1.4 million
Record - $2.9 billion in 2012

At approximately $1 per serving, beef provides 10 essential nutrients your body needs, like zinc, iron, protein and B vitamins.

For about 150 calories, a 3-oz serving of lean beef provides about the same amount of protein as three servings (1½ cups) of cooked black beans with 341 calories.

There are many factors that impact the price of beef, including supply (the U.S. cattle herd is the smallest it has been since the 1950s) and demand (U.S. beef exports are at an all-time high).  Another contributing factor is the rise in the price of grains, like corn, fed to cattle.  In the past 10 years, the price of corn has more than doubled in part due to widespread drought in corn-growing regions. Drought has also impacted the availability of grass pasture and rangeland for grazing cattle.

From 2005 to 2011, improvements in crop yields, machinery technology, irrigation techniques, fertilizer management, nutrition and animal performance have resulted in lowering the environmental footprint of the beef production process and improving on-farm sustainability.

You’d need to eat 670 calories of peanut butter, 374 calories of black beans, or 236 calories of raw soy tofu cubes to get the same amount of protein found in a 3-oz serving of lean beef at 150 calories.

Other uses of cattle by-products:

  • Cattle parts are used in the production of medicine, insulation, antifreeze, shampoos/conditioners and instrument strings.
  • Photo film, vitamin capsules, charcoal and glass are all derived from bones and horns of cattle.
  • Inedible beef fat provides us with airplane lubricants, hydraulic brake fluid, biodiesel and medicines.
  • Many foods, other than beef, use the products of slaughter – marshmallows, ice cream, chewing gum and some candies are made from by-products of cattle.
  • Hides from cattle are tanned into leather becoming shoes, purses and wallets.

The beef community is committed to raising cattle responsibly to provide the United States and the world with great-tasting, nutritious beef. America’s farmers and ranchers are confident that you’ll enjoy real beef’s flavor, texture and cost.

The Basics

  • Bull – an uncastrated male bovine animal
  •  Heifer – a young female cow that has not borne a calf
  • Cow – a fully grown female bovine animal
  • Calf – a young bovine animal in its first year
  • Steer – a castrated male bovine animal

Lexington County Farm-City

Sponsors 2015

Clayton Rawl Farms, Inc.

Lexington County Farm Bureau

Lexington School District I Center for Advanced Agribusiness Research, Pelion

Lexington Soil and Water Conservation District


Price's Country Store

Roof's Basket Works, Inc.

Sandhills Young Farmer & Agribusiness Chapter


South State Bank

W. P. Law, Inc.

W. P. Rawl & Sons, Inc.

Wingard's Nursery & Garden Center